Sculpture in Architecture
Once artists of all sorts shared a common ground. They worked together, usually many sets of hands upon a single piece, and often crossed over from one art form to another with ease and understanding.
Over the last century, the relationship between architecture and sculpture has been complex and sometimes quarrelsome.
Antoni Gaudi was a Catalan architect born June 25, 1852, in the province of Tarragona, Spain, southwest of Barcelona. He enrolled in the Escola Tecnica Superior d’Arquitectura in Barcelona in 1874 and was awarded his degree in 1878. At the time of Gaudi’s graduation, the dean commented that the faculty was not sure if it was conferring a degree upon a madman or a genius.
For the ancient Greeks, architecture and sculpture were not the distinctly separate notions they have now become. Greek temples were the result of major building projects that required extensive collaboration between the architect and sculptor (and the mason and carpenter), since temples involved a great deal of stone carving.